Wednesday, June 22, 2011

How Do I keep Posture Broken?

We've talked about the triangle and three points of contact before. Now to break someone's posture, you have to make them sit down or bend over. This isn't hard to do, sometimes they will do it for you. The hard part is keeping their posture broken. I talked about this in a previous post about the single leg. You have to make them step real heavy on one leg. So they have to have all their weight on that one point and you force them to sit down on that one point. All of a sudden their bodies become really heavy because instead of carrying it on multiple points, its just on one point. This is an important idea.

The idea of making your opponent post really heavy on one point.

Let's say you're opponent is sitting down on their knees in your closed guard. You have broken their posture down and want to submit them with an armbar or a choke. Everytime you try to go for it, isolating their arm or neck, you lose control of their posture and they posture up, beating your submission. Now if you have great timing or speed you can still catch this as they posture or transition to something else. You can save yourself a lot of time though by preventing or at least slow down their ability to posture. BJJ is a game of steps. I need to be only one step ahead to beat you. Not 3 or 4 moves ahead like some people say. Only one move ahead. To do that I need to be ahead of you in moves, so I need to either speed up or slow you down. It's hard to always be the fastest guy but anyone can slow someone down.

So back inside my closed guard. I have their posture broken. I want the arm or the choke. I can shift my body, use my arms, or my leg, or shift my body and use my arms and my legs to push him to one side. His weight is already down because his posture is broken, but now I shift all his weight let's say to his right side. Now his weight is down and to the right. That means he is sitting down with all his weight on his right heel. He is also bent over, with his chest on his knee so he is even heavier. This gives you the time and to go for the submission because for him to posture, he can no longer just pull his weight straight up. He has to square back up first, then pull his weight up. This gives you that one step lead to submit him. Not only that but its your legs, arms, and body weight along with his own body weight making him sit down on his right heel. That's really hard to fight. So for them they have to prevent that from happening.

You can use this also to break their posture as well. Force all their weight onto one point until they collapse from the weight of you and their own body. You can also use that to sweep easier. Now that all their weight is on one point, they can now be swept to every other point (as long as you prevent them from posting).

A great example of posture break to a sweep is the flower sweep itself. Before you can even do the sweep though you have to make them really heavy on one point. It's not actually their right heel this time, it's right right shoulder. But that's the arm you have trapped so they can't post but you are pushing all their weight to that side, breaking their posture down, and with nowhere to post they get flipped over and swept.

A spider guard is another example, where you force all your weight onto one of their shoulder joints or elbow joints, and when you shift, you also force all their weight onto that joint. Forcing them to bend over and break their own posture and a lot of times giving you the sweep because they are tipping over. (Not that I am a huge fan of the spider guard but it still is a great example of how that guard system works, its just not the only place you can apply this, it's just one of the more obvious ones.)

This concept can be used in every situation that involves person to person contact. Either you are preventing your opponent from doing this, or you are doing this to them. I especially like this for triangle set ups. Whenever you don't apply this principle and you are flat on your back, wrapping them up in a rubber guard let's say or a guillotine or a choke and they aren't heavy on any one point, there is always a chance they can lift you up (if they are strong enough of course) because they can still post on their knees or feet and it becomes just a deadlift. The idea then though is to submit them up in the air or finish them before you get lifted up or only train with people your own weight. None of these are what BJJ means to me.

When someone does try to pick you up, you hook their leg. A lot of times though they pick your lower body up but your torso is wrapped around their leg. You aren't preventing being lifting by grabbing their leg. You grab the leg to shift your weight and make them post heavy on one side, so when they do try to use their energy to stand all they will do is sweep themselves. That's what will prevent being picked up, the shifting of their weight. The grip on the leg itself helps but its for assistance. Like any grip. Grips just help positioning. Positioning is not what helps grips. (Or that would not be the most efficient use of positioning)

You see this in triangles. Sometimes when it's done wrong you seem the person get picked up, and they hold onto the leg, but their body now is so spread they can no longer maintain the triangle or posture control and they have to let go.

Now this doesn't mean you will never get picked up. But the idea is it's harder to squat on one leg than it is to squat on both legs.


  1. I have a request for A BJJ Clinch Blog.

  2. Great post. Its little things like this that help people get better

  3. I've been avoiding doing videos because I don't want to make this an instructional site. But eventually I may have to start those.



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